Tank-in-Tank: what is it?
|The Tank-in-Tank is a Domestic Hot Water storage exchanger (DHW) completely immersed in a steel outer tank that contains primary water. At ACV, the inner “tank" is always made of stainless steel. The wall of the inner “tank" itself acts as the heat exchanger between the primary circuit (connected to the boiler) and the DHW storage tank|
The benefits of the “Tank-in-Tank" system
Minimum storage and reduced losses
Thanks to the exceptional heat transfer characteristics of the Tank-in-Tank system, the volume of hot water stored can be reduced, resulting in a more compact water heater design and reducing static heat losses via the exterior walls: both attributes combine to cut initial investment as you can choose a smaller cylinder and reduce operating expenses.
Sanitary and maintenance-free
At ACV, the inner tank is always made of stainless steel, which means no anode protection, no contamination, leaking or sludging caused by cracked glass linings. Also, because the water is held at consistently higher temperatures this discourages the growth of legionellae bacteria.
Self-descaling: high efficiency and long service life
Each DHW draw-off creates a brief under pressure in the tank (at the moment that the draw-off tap is opened), followed by a slight overpressure (upon closure of the draw-off tap). As the inner tank is free to move, its walls expand and contract very slightly under the influence of these pressure changes and prevent the formation of lime scale on the exchanger surface: thorough testing and the testimony of numerous users in regions with calcium-laden water, confirm that ACV Tank-in-Tank water heaters are truly effective in preventing the formation of lime scale deposits as opposed to traditional coil systems that necessitate frequent descaling.
Thanks to this self-descaling feature, the heat transfer efficiency of our water heaters and their hot water output remain high throughout the service life of the installation.
Legionella bacteria are micro-organisms that can cause serious diseases of the respiratory tract. Legionella remain in a latent state in cold water (below 20°C) and can proliferate in warm water (from 20°C up to 45°C). They can be eliminated (in a few hours), however, at temperatures higher than 50°C – or in a few minutes above 60°C. It is recommended never to store the hot water thereafter at a temperature below 60°C.
The “Tank-in-Tank" system prevents the formation of warm pockets because even the base of the inner tank is a heat exchanger that remains at the temperature of the boiler (typically from 60 to 80°C): thus, any “Tank-in-Tank" water heater operating at 60°C and above ensures that the hot water remains free of legionellae.